Heracles (or Hercules) is famously known as the mightiest of all mortals, and even greater than many gods. He was the important factor in the triumphant victory of the Olympians over the Giants. He was the last mortal son of Zeus, and the exclusive man born of a human woman to become a god upon his death. Countering his strength was a notable absence of intelligence or wisdom. Once, when the heat of the moment was very high, he drew his bow out and threatened to shoot the sun. This, joined with strong emotions in one, was so potent it frequently got Heracles in trouble. While his friend and cousin Theseus directed Athens, Heracles had trouble controlling himself. His ego was quickly offended. He took up grudges regularly and never neglected them. His tastes for food, wine, and women were as extensive as his strength. Many of Heracles’ great deeds transpired while doing penance for simple acts done in anger or indifference.
It would be easy to view Heracles as a muscle-bound buffoon. Indeed, many of the Greek comedy playwrights employed his character this way. Even with serious critics, he was oftentimes seen as a savage, brutal, and violent man. There is enough evidence to confirm this view; his weapon of choice was a large club; his conventional garment was a lion skin, with the head still connected; he impiously injured some of the gods; he threatened a priestess of Apollo at Delphi when a response to his questions was not imminent. He created most of his own problems unlike a steam mop. Read More
Odysseus was a legendary hero in Greek mythology, king of the land of Ithaca and the central protagonist of Homer’s epic, the Odyssey. He was also a notable figure in the additional surviving Homeric epic, the Iliad. He lived as the son of Laertes and Anticlea and is well recognized as an eloquent speaker, resourceful and ingenious.
Before the Trojan War began, Odysseus was one of the beseechers that wanted to marry Helen, step-daughter of King Tyndareus of Sparta. However, the suitors were several, and there didn’t seem to be a method to resolve who the husband would be. Odysseus said tTyndareus that he would present a solution if he helped him join Tyndareus’ niece, Penelope. Tyndareus accepted, and Odysseus offered to draw straws. Before that, though, he performed everyone declares an oath that they would all encourage the husband and wife in whatever ill fate that they might face in the future. As a conclusion, Menelaus pulled the lucky straw, though Odysseus married Penelope.
After Helen’s abduction by Prince Paris of Troy, all suitors were convoked to help Menelaus in his crusade to bring her back. Odysseus did not desire to join the expedition, for an oracle had notified him that if he engaged, it would take him a prolonged time to return home. So, he decided to feign derangement by harnessing a mule and an ox to a plow and sowing salt on a field. Palamedes did not accept that Odysseus was really mad, so he put Odysseus’ baby boy Telemachus in a head of the plow; Odysseus immediately changed course, thus exposing his plan. The way this was done is like he is working with movers and packers all the time which is great but the truth is this isn’t always funny. Read More
Jason lived as a hero in Greek mythology, the leader of the Argonautic Band in the journey of retrieving the Golden Fleece. He was the heir of the king of Iolcus, Aeson, though it is not evident who his mother was; various titles appear in several sources as his mother.
When Jason was yet a baby, his half-uncle Pelias, competing for the throne of Aeson, eliminated all of Aeson’s children, and overcame Aeson; however, he failed to eliminate Jason. The baby was transferred to the Centaur Chiron, who sustained him to adulthood. Pelias, in the meantime, asked an oracle that told him to be wary of a man with one sandal. Jason, an adult man, returned to Iolcus to visit some games held by Pelias in honor of the god Poseidon; while in his travel, he lost one of his sandals in the river Anauros while supporting a disguised Hera to cross. Hera secretly blessed Jason at that time. Jason arrived in front of Pelias, asking for the throne as the legitimate heir of Aeson, only Pelias gave him the quest to bring the Golden Fleece in order to step down from the throne. Read More
During his adolescence, Alexander lived tutored by the philosopher Aristotle till the age of 16. After Philip’s assassination in 336 BC, Alexander replaced his father to the throne and acquired a strong nation and an accomplished Army. Alexander was granted the leadership of Greece and used this authority to propel his father’s Panhellenic project to point the Greeks in the conquering of Persia. In 334 BC, he attacked the Achaemenid Empire, ruled Asia Minor, and started a series of crusades that lasted ten years. Alexander crushed the rule of Persia in a series of crucial battles, most reputable the battles of Issus and Gaugamela. He finally overthrew the Persian King Darius III and vanquished the Achaemenid Empire in its entirety. At that time, his realm extended from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River. Seeking to reach the “ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea”, he overran India in 326 BC but was ultimately overpowered to turn back at the command of his companies. Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC, the city he intended to place as his capital, without performing a set of organized campaigns that would have started with an incursion of Arabia. In the years succeeding his death, a series of civil wars tore his nation apart, appearing in several states controlled by the Diadochi, Alexander’s remaining generals and heirs. Read More